Medically called as tympanic membrane, perforated eardrum implies a hole in the eardrum. It disconnects the ear canal from our middle ear. Individuals suffering from perforated eardrum do not experience pain, but they have to suffer from hearing disorders.
There are numerous factors that can lead to this condition. A skull factor, unexpected explosion, object plucking into the ear canal and entry of acid into the ears can result into perforated eardrum. The healing period is anywhere between few weeks to a year. Some individuals might have to undergo treatment beyond one year. While undertaking treatment, one should protect their ears from water and trauma. In some cases, individual may also have to undergo surgery to get rid of perforated eardrum.
The size of the perforation determines the intensity of the hearing problem. Larger size indicates greater hearing loss. In cases, where the ailment is caused due to a sudden explosion or similar instance, one can experience severe hearing issues and chronic condition of tinnitus. In these cases, the hearing ability returns only partially, and the ringing problem vanishes after a few days.
Before starting any medication, one should perform a hearing test. There are several benefits associated with the closing of perforation like prevention of water into the ears, improvement in the tinnitus condition and other hearing loss disorders. Small perforation can be treated by a surgeon quickly by monitoring the condition. The doctor will insert a thin patch of paper on the eardrum with a chemical to see if the perforation fades away. A few visits might be required, and if there is no improvement then a person might have to undergo a surgery.
Tympanoplasty or myringoplasty is a commonly performed surgical method. Most surgical methods result into satisfied patients as they do experience improvement in their condition partly or completely.
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